After a wonderful 30 days of traveling Mongolia, we were on the move! We had already been on part of the Trans-Mongolian portion of the train journey, but now it was time to check out what the rest of it had to offer. We were on the train line from Ulan Bator to Moscow, but we decided to break up the journey in Irkutsk, Russia.

trans siberian train tickets
Our train tickets for the Trans-Siberian train

About 2 minutes after boarding our train and finding our compartment, we were offered a shot of vodka. Since it was barely noon, I declined, Nick on the other hand was eager to join in and do as the locals do. We shared a cabin with a friendly, boisterous woman from Kazakhstan. We didn’t actually meet any Russians on our train journey to Russia, we were chatting with people from the countries we will be visiting in the near future – Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan…and of course, other western travellers.

trans siberian train ulan bator to irkutsk
All aboard! The 2nd leg of our train journey has commenced!

At around 1:00, our train chugged away from the platform, we were off! Our 26 hour journey from Ulan Bator in Mongolia to Irkutsk in Russia (Siberia) had commenced. We stored away our bags, got settled in and enjoyed the views of the rolling, green steppe from our window.

Visions of people drinking, chatting and eating in the dining car floated through our minds and we decided to check it out, to no avail. We went through each and every car on the train before asking one of the (grumpy) Mongolian women who worked on the train. There was no dining car and there wouldn’t be until we reached the border with Russia at midnight.

trans mongolian train
Leaving Ulan Bator behind

Luckily, we figured the food would be expensive in the restaurant car anyways, so we brought food of our own. Sausage sandwiches, instant noodles and chocolate bars for lunch and dinner, and oatmeal for breakfast.

lunch on the trans siberian train
Luckily we brought food with us!

When we first got on the train, we noticed lots of Mongolian people walking up and down the train with massive amounts of different products. Which seemed really weird to us – this was the Trans-Siberian Train, there shouldn’t be any vendors like that on board! What was actually happening was that they were trying to get other travellers to help hide their undeclared, illegal merchandise. Everything you can imagine was getting smuggled across: jeans, backpacks, horse riding boots, tea, blankets and more. Most of the products were purchased in China and were then going to be sold in Russia and Central Asia.

trans siberian 2nd class
The inside of our 2nd class train compartment…we won’t be hiding anything under these beds

We watched as most people (and ourselves) turned down this ridiculous proposal. The vendors then had no choice but to cram the loot under the floorboards in the train and behind secret compartments where luggage is stored.

Once we reached the border with Russia around midnight, the real fun began. Police, border security and drug detection dogs came on board and did a THOROUGH search of the train. It became clear to us that this train is frequently used to smuggle products across the border. Western tourists are usually left alone (which is why the smugglers hope we’ll help them out). The guards just did a quick, half-assed scan of our bags, but not with the Mongolians, Russians, Chinese and other people from Central Asia. They tore apart their bags, searched high and low around where they were sitting and even gave the innocent people a pretty hard time.

trans mongolian train
Cheers to not being searched at the border!

The poor woman from Kazakhstan that we were sharing a compartment with was sweating and so stressed out as she showed all of her products to the security (all of which she had declared and were legal). The whole ordeal of searching the train from top to bottom and busting the culprits took about 4 hours and we didn’t leave the border until 2:30am.

sunset trans mongolian train
Beautiful sunset along the way

On the Trans-Siberian/Trans-Mongolian trains, 30 minutes before the train arrives at a stop, during the wait, and 30 minutes after, the bathroom doors are locked. Around 12:30 I realized that I wasn’t going to be able to hold in my bathroom needs any longer. I asked every member of the train staff to open the door, but they were all so grumpy and rude that they basically just brushed me off and went back to drinking tea.

Hm! Not impressed. I marched back to my seat, got Nick, and together we used his multi-tool knife to jimmy the lock and get me in there. The train was silent and the door to the bathroom was not. It creaked and groaned at every inch it moved. Nick was on the lookout for grumpy ladies while I relieved myself. Is there anything a Leatherman can’t do?!

trans siberian train beds
Finally it’s time for bed!

I could finally go to sleep. We both shut our eyes around 3:00 am and awoke to the sun beating down on us. It was a gorgeous day on the train. The scenery on our 2nd day was stunning. We went through dense forest and around beautiful Lake Baikal. The views were great and during all of the commotion at the border, they had attached a Russian food car.

lake baikal
Views of stunning Lake Baikal – which is the deepest lake in the world

We enjoyed coffees, fresh oranges and some fried potatoes…and then the bill came. Apparently the prices on the menu weren’t right and the cost of the orange was actually $3, instead of $1. Seems reasonable for one orange (?!)

trains siberian train restaurant
The late-arriving, overly-priced restaurant car on the Trans-Siberian Train

Even though there were some crazy events on the train (which actually made for some good entertainment) and there wasn’t a restaurant car until the 2nd day, and the restaurant car was way overpriced, we still had a great time on this portion of the Trans-Siberian/Trans-Mongolian Train. The beds were comfy, the company was really good and the views were marvelous!

Two legs of our famous train journey complete…one more to go!

For more information on travelling to Mongolia, check out our Guide to Backpacking Mongolia.

Have you ever seen any of smuggling of merchandise on trains before?! Tell us about it below.




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Travelling On The Trans-Siberian Railroad- Ulan Bator to Irkutsk

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Written by

Nick Wharton and Dariece Swift are the owners and founders of Goats On The Road. Together they have been travelling and working abroad since 2008 and have more than 20 years of combined experience in online business, finance, travel and entrepreneurship. Their expert advice has been featured on the Lonely Planet, CNN Money, Business Insider,  WiseBread and Forbes and they also spoke at the World Tourism Forum in Istanbul about the business of travel blogging.

Learn more about Nick Wharton and Dariece Swift on their respective author archives on this site and on the Goats On The Road About Us Page.

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13 thoughts on “Travelling On The Trans-Siberian Railroad: Ulan Bator to Irkutsk

  1. We wanted to get on the same train but going from Russia to China across Mongolia, shame we didn’t manage to get the Russian visa while we were in Ukraine, never m,ind, one day we’ll make it! 🙂

  2. Looks beautiful, and sounds like quite the eventful journey! All the craziness just makes things more memorable 🙂 Cheers to the next leg of your journey!

  3. Exactly, there’s always next time! Getting a Russia visa actually requires some patience and lots of documents, but it was worth the hassle 🙂

  4. Thanks Melanie 🙂

    You’re right, all of the crazy things that happened make for good stories!

  5. Now you know: every part of a train in the former Soviet Union is a dining car! Looking forward to your report of your Kazakh trip. Don’t forget to mention Caravanistan! 🙂

  6. Always love the actual transportation part of traveling. You never know what you’re gona get. All in all it seems like you guys had a good trip! We took a train after our TransAM bike trip (with the bikes) from Oregon to Chicago… 40 some hours on a train and now I’m not sure I can ever get on one again! 😉

  7. All sounds like a bit of an adventure I didn’t realise the food was so expensive on the train so thanks for the tip will make sure we take supplies

  8. Ah my poor DARIECE, no one should have to beg to relieve themselves. Love that Nick was your knight in shining armor or at the very least a criminal in the making. Take care be safe and continue to have fun!

  9. Yep, you’ve got that right! Everyone eating and sharing their food made the trip so enjoyable 🙂

  10. It’s not always about the destination, most of the time the journey is just as much fun! Ya 40 hours on a train is a veerrrry long time. Our longest journey was 42 hours in India from Goa to Kolkatta! So long.

    Cheers guys!

  11. Definitely, definitely bring food. Sausage, cucumbers, tomatoes, bread, instant noodle bowls, porridge, instant mashed potatoes, fruit, nuts, etc. are all good train foods 🙂

    Having the hot water on board makes it easy to eat – oh and bring tea and coffee.

    Cheers, have a great journey!

  12. haha, ya it was awful having to go so bad! We had to devise a plan of some sort, so glad we were able to open the door 🙂

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