Travel Advice For Beginners: a Guide to Airports, Documents & Flying

Dariece Swift author's bio Goats On The Road

There are numerous things to think about when planning to go on a trip. It may sound simple enough – book a flight, go to the airport, and take off. But, there can be many documents required, security checks to do, and things to think about – both before arriving at the airport, and during the check-in process.

In this guide for beginners I’m going to share my advice on the logistics of figuring out exactly what documents are required in order to take a flight, and what you do once you’re actually at the airport. We’ve been at this for almost 8 years, so I have some knowledge to pass your way 🙂

travel planning booking a flight

Passport Validity and Requirements

Always make sure that your passport has enough blank pages left in it for the duration of your trip. Even though more and more countries are allowing electronic visas, some countries require you to purchase a full-page visa sticker, while others just give you a small stamp on entry. Thankfully, there are numerous visa free countries to choose from as well.

Have at least 3 blank pages left in your passport when going on a short trip, and 6 when going on a longer one.

travel visas in passport travel planning
A visa stamp in a passport for the Philippines

Another important thing is to make sure that you have the required amount of time left on your passport before its expiry date. All countries have rules and regulations regarding this.

For example, if you are boarding a flight with a passport from Canada, the United States of America, or the UK, and are flying to France, then you are required to present a passport that is be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from the Schengen area. This is France’s law, other countries may have different regulations – always check.

travel planning passport requirements

For travel to France:

From the Canadian government travel site – “Canadians are required to present a passport that must be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from the Schengen area.”

From the United States Government travel site – “PASSPORT VALIDITY: Must be valid for at least three months beyond your planned date of departure from the Schengen area.”

From the United Kingdom Government travel site – “Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay; you don’t need any additional period of validity on your passport beyond this”.

travel planning and advice entry requirements passports

So, as a Canadian or American, if you are planning on staying in France for 3 months, you must also have another 3 months available before your passport expires, for a total of 6 months.

This stipulation is strictly enforced, and if you don’t have ample time left before your passport expires, you will be denied boarding your flight (we learned this the hard way).

Flight Ticket

These days, everything is done electronically, so you don’t actually need to print out your booking itinerary. You can just show up at the airline check-in desk and hand them your passport, and they will look you up on their computer.

airport check-in travel planning

Many airlines and countries require that you show proof of a return (or exit) flight out of the country you plan on travelling to. Otherwise, you may be denied boarding.

One such example is Thailand.

From the Canadian Government travel site – “Immigration officials can require visitors who are entering without obtaining a visa in advance to show a return or onward ticket”.

From the United States Government travel site – “Thai immigration officials may ask for your onward/return ticket, and airlines may ask for this information when you book or check in”. (A further note is that for U.S. passport holders must have a passport valid for 6 months after the date of entry into Thailand).

From the United Kingdom Government travel site – “Immigration officials in Thailand may ask you for proof of onward travel. Some airlines have refused to board passengers without evidence of onward travel”.

travel tips and advice passport and documents at airport

As you can see, if you are planning on travelling to Thailand, you will need to show proof that you plan on actually leaving Thailand – even though you may never want to!

Maybe you plan on leaving by way of bus to neighbouring Cambodia, but aren’t sure which date you want to leave, so you plan to book a last-minute bus when you are actually in Thailand.

This doesn’t meet the regulations. So what do you do?

travel planning for beginners required entry documents

You can book a flight with an airline or booking service that has free cancellation (Expedia has free cancellation for 24 hours). Book the flight, have the confirmation emailed to yourself and / or printed out, and then cancel the flight after you have received the confirmation and documentation.

Just make sure that the flight you are booking out of Thailand departs Thailand within 30 days after landing in the country! Immigration officials won’t accept return flights if they are beyond your maximum stay (in Thailand this is 30 days).

If you don’t want to book and cancel a flight, just head into a travel agent and have them print you off an itinerary.

travel planning and tips airport
You don’t want to be denied boarding and have to sleep in the airport!

*Note: This happened to us when we were trying to fly from Vancouver to Bangkok on our first backpacking trip. Korean Air wouldn’t let us board the flight. In a panic, we purchased a cheap AirAsia flight from Thailand to Cambodia for a couple hundred dollars. These days, however, we just book a flight and then cancel it, as described above, or print out an itinerary without actually booking a flight.

Travel Insurance

It’s good practice to always travel with insurance, but in some cases, it’s obligatory to show proof of a policy before entering the country.

A prime example of this is when travelling to Cuba. If you don’t have insurance, you will be forced to purchase this at the airport when you arrive – which costs around $5 / day, and you might not know exactly what you’re getting with your policy.

Purchase an insurance policy ahead of time to avoid this uncertainty.

Luggage Allowance

These days, there are baggage charges popping up everywhere. If you are able to travel with just a carry-on bag, you will be able to avoid the recently added luggage fees charged by many airlines.

Except for Southwest and JetBlue, all other major carriers in the United States charge for each checked bag. The rates start at $20 / bag and go upwards (usually $25).

On the budget airlines such as Ryan Air, Easy Jet, Air Asia, Norwegian Airlines, and IndiGo (to name a few), no free baggage is offered. Norwegian actually charges $53 / checked bag (!).

travel planning booking a flight and luggage

Outside of the USA, many other major airlines still offer free checked baggage… for now.

Often you can pay for your bags when booking your flight online. Other times, they will require you to pay for your baggage at the check-in counter. Make sure to have the correct amount of cash with you, and / or your credit card.

On another note, you will have to pay extra if you go over the weight allowance! Always check your airline’s baggage terms and conditions before setting off. You can even pick up a handheld scale for your bag to check its weight before arriving at the airport.

travel planning checking baggage allowance

Checking-in, Customs and Immigration

Airports can be overwhelming – especially the major international ones. Allow yourself lots of extra time to figure out where you need to be so that you don’t miss your flight. We always arrive at the airport 3 hours before our flight departure time (unless it’s a small airport).

When you first arrive at the airport, have a look at the large ‘Departure and Arrival’ screen that you’ll find in numerous spots around the airport. This will show all of the flights that are departing and arriving, both currently, and within the next few hours.

travel planning looking at departure board prague airport

Once you find your flight number on the big screen, look for the check-in counter number (or letter), as well as your gate number. Head to the check-in counter first in order to get your boarding pass for the flight, and to drop off your bags.

If you don’t see your flight on the screen, don’t panic. Often they don’t list the flight until 2 hours before departure. Look around for the counter of the airline that you’re flying with and ask them when you can check in.

Once at the open counter, the airline attendant will weigh your luggage, scan your passport and give you your boarding pass.

travel planning long line ups at airport

If you have a connecting flight, always confirm with the attendant that your luggage will be checked through to your final destination. Feel free to ask as many questions as you need – you want to feel comfortable and certain about what’s happening with your belongings!

Once you’ve dropped off your bags and you have your boarding pass, you can make your way to security. You will have to put your carry-on bags through a conveyor belt to be scanned, and you will have to walk through a security scanner as well.

On the other side of the security check, collect your bag and your belongings and make your way to your gate. The gate number is listed on your boarding pass, and also on the screens found around the airport. Once you’ve found your gate, all that’s left to do is wait for the announcement to board your flight!

travel planning flight at the airport

*Note: I recommend having a plastic envelope / sleeve of some sort to hold your passport, boarding pass, flight itinerary (if printed), and pens for filling out customs and immigration forms (this is typically done on the plane before arriving at your destination). This is a useful item to keep everything organized on hectic travel days.

travel planning and tips for documents and passport

A Quick Summary:

  • Make Sure you have at least 3 pages and 6 months left in your passport
  • Always have an onward / return flight (or at least an itinerary printed) before flying
  • Get good travel insurance before you go
  • Keep your baggage light and be prepared to pay $25 for checked luggage
  • Order of operations: Check in, check your bag, go through security, head to gate, board flight
  • Keep your stuff organized

 Ready to Go?

There are numerous things to think about when planning and preparing for a trip, but the most important aspect is definitely making sure to have your paperwork and documents in order… that, and not missing your flight!

Hopefully this article helped answer some of the questions and concerns you may have had about which documents are required, and what to expect at the airport.

travel planning airport tips

For more useful articles about travel planning, check out our Getting Started Section.

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Travel Advice For Beginners- a Guide to Airports, Documents & Flying

Dariece Swift author's bio Goats On The Road

Written by

Dariece Swift

Dariece is a co-founder of Goats On The Road, and an expert in saving money, finance management, building an online business and of course... travel. She loves meeting new people, trying new cuisines, and learning about the unique cultures of our world. She has over 12 years of experience helping others to realize their travel dreams and has worked in numerous jobs all over the world to help pay for travel.

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18 thoughts on “Travel Advice For Beginners: a Guide to Airports, Documents & Flying”

  1. Seriously great article – there are so many things that us seasoned travellers think are just obvious, but we forget that we were once newbies too. I’l be sending this to a relative of mine who is travelling for the first time soon – I’m sure it will help!

  2. Thanks Tim! That’s what we were thinking too – everything that we do at airports and in preparation for travel is just so “normal” to us now, but we forget what it’s like to be a newbie! Hopefully this post will help people out 🙂

  3. Wonderful article ~ easily explained and laid out.
    I like to keep the Resort, Hotel destination name and address handy along with a pen like you mentioned ~ for those immigration papers. I Really like the Tip about putting these necessary items, boarding pass, along with your passport in a waterproof zip-lock bag ! Thanks for that Great Idea ! and the many others ! 🙂

  4. Wow! It’s a really informative article. I think it helps anyone planning to travel by airlines. You are right that Passport Validity and Requirements checked are most important for travel otherwise passport may not be acceptable to all countries.
    See you again.

  5. I liked how you suggested travel to France.

    Do you plan your trips in advance or at the last minute?

    Looking forward to your next answer!

  6. Hey guys, big fan of the blog, you’ve totally changed the way I travel! I have a question about the 24 hour cancellation policy on Expedia (to ‘purchase’ proof of onward ticket). I’ve had a look on Expedia’s website and I can’t find proof that this policy with full refund exists. In fact, it seems to only apply to certain specific airlines and airfares. Can you please confirm whether they’ve changed this policy?

    I also heard about a website where you can send your details and they will do the purchasing & cancelling for you. I can’t for the life of me remember what it’s called – I wondered if you’d come across this yourselves during your travels? Might be a worthwhile tip to share with your other readers. Of course they charge a small fee but could be worth it for those of us who need proof of onward travel and are too lazy/happen to have a spare $10 (ha).

  7. Do you have any more tips on how to get to the airport on time? I am having a hard time finding options for airport transportation to the airport itself. I really want to make sure that I get there on time.

  8. I never knew that they often won’t list the departure times until a couple of hours before they are scheduled. My wife and I are thinking of going on an anniversary trip this weekend, but neither one of us have flown before. I will be sure to tell my wife that we shouldn’t panic if we come early and we don’t see our flight!

  9. Yes, don’t worry! If you’re TOO early sometimes it’s not on the screen yet. When in doubt, go to one of the agents with the airline you are flying with to confirm you are in the right place. It doesn’t hurt to ask, and you won’t be the only one with questions, that I can promise you!

    Have fun

  10. I really appreciate our tip to make sure that you have a passport that is valid at least three months before the expected departure date. My wife and I have been thinking of going across the sea for our anniversary this year, and we want to plan the details of our trip now. I will be sure to make getting passports a top priority!

  11. I would like to share my experience last week in Orlando.
    When I left the airport I was worried about how to reach my hotel where I reserved a room for myself, but a friend told me to use transportation and had an amazing experience with them, also I suggest all of those traveling to Orlando to experience with them once.

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